The Jews are a scholarly people, they have always been capable of innovation and adjustment; they have recorded and studied their history; they know where they have been. In Jewish society scholars of both religious and secular subjects hold a high esteem—in many ways even higher than priests and rabbis. The historical record as begun in the Old Testament, preserved and compiled and reorganized—and rethought since—provided the blueprint for a moral society that could survive and thrive. They have needed this strong foundation. Moses lived in the thirteenth century BC. For the next 1300 years his people would fight for control over their homeland, and over their lives. Abraham’s children clearly had more to learn, and over the centuries that are known as the Middle Ages, they would learn well, adjusting and evolving.